Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) is related to the Blueberry, Cranberry, and Huckleberry family.
It is also known by a long list of common names that include myrtle blueberry, Dyeberry, Trackleberry, Whortleberry, Bleaberry, Burren myrtle, wineberry hurts, Winberry, Airelle, Fraughan, Black whortles, and Blackhearts. Bilberry is found throughout Europe, Northern Asia, and Western North America, and is harvested for its deliciously tart berries to make jams and pies.
Bilberry contains chemicals called tannins that can help improve diarrhea, as well as mouth and throat irritation, by reducing swelling (inflammation). There is some evidence that the chemicals found in bilberry leaves can help lower blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Bilberries overall have purportedly been used for medicinal purposes since the Middle Ages, while their juice was traditionally used to dye linen and paper.
- Like most berries, bilberries are a nutrient-rich fruit.
- Bilberries are rich in antioxidants, which are beneficial plant compounds that help protect your body against damage and disease.
- Bilberry supplements are linked to improved long-term and working memory in older adults.
- Bilberries may have antimicrobial effects against potentially harmful bacteria, such as Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus.
- Bilberry supplement reduced chronic inflammation of the colon and rectum in people with UC.
- Bilberry rich in vitamin K, a vitamin that helps prevent the formation of blood clots, reducing your risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Bilberries are a popular herbal remedy used to lower blood pressure levels in people with type 2 diabetes.
- Bilberries may help fight inflammation which is believed to be the root cause of many diseases.
- Bilberries are most popular for their purported ability to improves vision particularly night vision.